Reinsman Bit Terms
- Cheeks - Sides of the bit. Includes both purchase and shank.
- Purchase - Portion of cheek above the mouthpiece. A shorter purchase means a quicker reaction.
- Shank - Portion of cheek below the mouthpiece. The longer the shank, the more leverage.
- Mouthpiece - The part of the bit that goes in the horse's mouth.
- Bars - Portion of each side of the mouthpiece that rest on the horse's bars(gum area between the front and the back teeth).
- Port - Center portion of mouthpiece. Both height and width are important in creating the amount of tongue pressure or tongue relief.
- Mullen Relief - A formward curve in the mouthpiece that creates even pressure across the bars and tongue.
- Copper - Causes mouth to salivate keeping it soft and supple to the rider.
- Sweet Iron - Intended to rust, it actually has a sweet taste to it as rusting occurs and causes salivation.
- Stainless Steel - Very little taste. Gives a clean, neat look.
- Timing - The amount of time required from the moment the reins are pulled until the horse reacts.
- Curb Action - Includes pressure on poll, mouth and chin groove.
- Curb Chain Pressure - Timing of the bit. Loose curb chain: slower. Tight curb chain: faster.
- Gag Action - The amount the cheek slides before engaging the mouthpiece.
- The "feel of the bit" - Not only what the horse feels when the rider pulls on the reins, but also what the rider feels. Suppleness or stiffness.