ATV Manure Spreaders
Compact Manure Spreaders
There are a variety of manure spreaders on the market today ranging from very large and heavy to small and compact. Two mechanical options are available. P.T.O. This stands for Power Take Off. This type is generally found on your larger spreaders and used with large tractors. The other type is Ground-Driven. Ground-Drives are typically found around your smaller farms and stables and can be pulled behind an ATV, UTV or Tractor.
A manure spreader allows you to gather all your muck from your stalls, place in the spreader and immediately fertilize your pastures. This is the ideal recycling scenario. You also save time and money. 1. Dump your muck directly into the spreader-No wheel barrows or buckets to dump. 2. Spread across your pastures-save money by using as fertilizer.
P.T.O (Power Talk Off). PTO units have a shaft that will hookup to a tractor. The PTO actually operate the conveyer and the choppers on the spreader; thereby allowing you to “sling” the muck fertilizer even if you are not moving. They have more power but they are also most costly than the ground-driven type.
Ground-driven units do not use a PTO so you do not have to have a tractor to operate. As the unit is pulled the conveyor assemble moves the muck fertilizer to the rear of the spreader where choppers spread the natural fertilizer across your fields. Compact ground driven manure spreaders can be pulled by a garden tractor, truck, ATV, or UTV. Recommended.
Advantages having a Manure Spreader
Composting not required, saves time and money, ground driven units can be pulled behind a variety of vehicles. By dispersing manure, straw, and shavings over pastures, you encourage the waste to break down, while providing free fertilization. No unsightly manure pile at the back of your barn, no hauling fees.
Equine Manure Management
Managing horse manure in suburban areas can be an issue without proper planning. Due to limited pastures and fields proper storage must be considered. Also, when horse manure is mixed with sawdust or wood chips, and spread on farm fields with a manure spreader, it often stunts crop growth. Since farmers don't want to stunt their crops, the horse owner has few good options for disposing of manure. Frequently, it is simply stacked outside until the pile gets so big that a neighbor complains and the manure must be hauled to a landfill.
Why Does Horse Manure Stunt Crops? Actually it doesn't; but sawdust or wood shavings do. These wood products are the most common bedding used for horses. When horse manure and sawdust (or shavings) are put on soil the microorganisms in the soil start to break them down. Unfortunately, these wood products have a lot of carbon that the microorganisms use for energy but not enough nitrogen to build protein. In other words, the microorganisms have an unbalanced diet and they need nitrogen. They find that nitrogen in the soil and they collect it more efficiently than plants do. In fact, they do it so well that the plants growing in the soil can't find enough nitrogen to grow properly. That's called an "induced nitrogen deficiency" and it stunts crops.
The Nitrogen Enhancement System
The horse owner or the farmer can add nitrogen fertilizer to the manure/sawdust mix or to the soil. The added nitrogen can be used by the soil microorganisms to break down the manure/sawdust mixture. Therefore, they won't need to steal soil nitrogen from the growing crops. The fertilizer should be added to the manure prior to spreading it on the soil. Another option is to work the fertilizer into the soil after the manure has been applied.
What Kind of Fertilizer and How Much? Use only ammonium nitrate fertilizer with an analysis of 34-0-0 or ammonium sulfate with an analysis of 21-0-0. Other types of fertilizers (especially urea) can be lost into the air in a manure pile and do no good. Add about 10 pounds of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate per ton of horse manure/sawdust mix. This is about 1/3 pound (about 1/2 cup) of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate per 1,000-pound horse per day. Add the ammonium nitrate as the stalls are cleaned. Simply pick a stall clean with a manure fork, then add about 1/2 cup of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate (for a 1,000-pound horse) to the manure and bedding in the wheelbarrow or spreader. Adjust the amount of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate if the horse is much smaller or larger than 1,000 pounds. For example, only about 1/4 cup of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate per day would be needed for a 500-pound pony. Apply the ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate to the manure only after it has been removed from the stall.
Manure Storage after the ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate has been added to the manure/sawdust mixture it can be held in proper storage for several months without losing the nitrogen. It can then be brought out of storage and spread when the field and crop conditions are best. Manure should be stored at least 50 feet from any drainage-way or water-course and a grass filter strip should be used to limit runoff. Check with your local Soil and Water Conservation District or the Natural Resource Conservation Service for technical help on a wide variety of resource management questions including manure application, utilization and storage. In some cases, the state or federal government may be willing to cost-share, with the stable owner, on the construction of a manure storage structure. Application Rate The amount of horse manure/sawdust that can be safely applied to a soil is based primarily on the nutrient needs of the crop, the soil nutrient levels, and the nutrient content of the manure/sawdust mixture.